Forty years without Ingrid Bergman, the shy girl who fell in love with Hollywood

She was so shy that she decided to become an actress. And her focus was on the theater. But she ended up being ilsa lund of White Housethe Alicia Huberman of chainedthe charlotte andergast of autumn sonata. Y Anastasia Y Joan of Arc. She won three Oscars, made a career in five languages ​​and occupies a place of honor in the ranking of the most important actresses in the history of cinema. Forty years ago, on August 29, 1982, Ingrid Bergman died of cancer.

Stockholm saw her born on the same day in August 1915, she was left without a mother at the age of three and spent part of her childhood and adolescence with her uncles. Since she was less shy when she got into other skins, gave himself up to interpretation. Throughout the 1930s he worked on various films in his country, until the success of Intermezzodirected by gustaf molandertakes her to the United States to star in his Redo in English, produced by the mighty David O. Selznick. After some filming, in 1942 he got the opportunity to star alongside Humphrey Bogart the movie of miguel curtiz White House. The young Swedish orphan and introvert is now ready to start becoming the mythical Ingrid Bergman.

The following years are those of its consolidation in Hollywood. wheel with sam wood (For whom the Bell Tolls), george sugar (dying lightwith which he gets his first Oscar), Leo McCarey (The bells of Santa Maria), lewis landmark (Arc de Triomphe), Victor Fleming (Joan of Arc) Y Alfred Hitchcockthat, in addition to Remember Y Tormentedoffers her one of the most memorable roles of her career: Alicia Huberman from chainedin love with the agent Devlin while he puts his life at risk in the slimy house Alexander Sebastian and his haunting mother.

With Cary Grant, in ‘Chained’

A letter changes his life: the one he wrote to Roberto Rossellini, who in the 40s had achieved great international prestige with Rome, open city, countryman Y Germany, year zeroto let him know that he would like to star in one of his films. The director accepts and the collaboration does not take long to materialize: in 1950 they film Stromboli. They fall in love and the actress becomes pregnant. And it happens scandal.

The two were married and some social, ecclesiastical and political sectors express their rejection of this relationship, which ends with Bergman exiled in Italy. The actress assures that she received letters full of hate. They married in 1950 and, after a son and two twin daughters and several more films (among them, Europe ’51 Y I will Always Love You), they will divorce seven years later.

The actress works in England and France, wins her second Oscar with Anastasia (Cary Grant picked him up instead) and returns to American soil, although she lives in Paris with her third husband, theatrical producer Lars Schmidt. She on the scene she stars in those years tea and sympathy of Robert Anderson, Hedda Gabler of Ibsen Y a month in the field of Turgenevand also does television.

In 'Stromboli', his first film with Rossellini


En ‘Stromboli’, su primera película con Rossellini

En los 50 y 60 Bergman trabaja con Stanley Donen (Indiscreta), Anatole Litvak (No me digas adiós) y Gene Saks (Flor de cactus), entre otros. El tercer Oscar le llegará en 1974, en la categoría de actriz de reparto, por Asesinato en el Orient Express de Sidney Lumet. Su palmarés registra también los premios Tony y Emmy, así como la Copa Volpi, un Bafta y varios Globos de Oro.

Cuatro años después se pone a las órdenes de su compatriota Ingmar Bergman en Sonata de otoño, en la que protagoniza un intenso duelo interpretativo con Liv Ullmann. En sus últimos meses rodó la miniserie televisiva Una mujer llamada Golda, en la que interpreta a la exprimera ministra de Israel Golda Meir. 

En 2015, el director sueco Stig Björkman estrenó el documental Ingrid Bergman: retrato de familia, un recorrido por la vida de la actriz basado en sus grabaciones domésticas, diarios y cartas, así como en los testimonios de sus hijos. La obra, que cuenta con música de Michael Nyman y narración de Alicia Vikander y en la que aparecen Sigourney Weaver y Liv Ullmann, repara en su buena relación con Hitchcock y Renoir, su romance con Robert Capa, su afición infantil a inventarse personajes con los que hablar, su vocación aventurera, su costumbre de guardarlo todo, sus ausencias como madre, las diversas escalas de una vida rica en experiencias, traslados, contracturas y plenitudes. 

Los diálogos con Bogart en Casablanca, el beso con Cary Grant en Encadenados, Juana de Arco arengando a los suyos con esperanza y fanatismo, la doliente Karin de Stromboli, la conversión moral de la madre de Europa ’51, la visita de Katherine al museo en Te querré siempre, la frialdad afectiva y el talento artístico de la pianista de Sonata de otoño forman parte del repertorio de personajes, impactos y momentos inolvidables que Ingrid Bergman legó a la historia del cine. La niña tímida que enamoró a Hollywood murió el día de su cumpleaños. Siempre nos quedará su mirada limpia y comunicativa, esos ojos por los que resbalaba, azul y renovada, la luz del mundo.

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