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A man from Italy tested positive for Covid-19, monkeypox and HIV at the same time after returning from a short trip in Spainaccording to researchers at the University of Catania in Italy.
The scientists told the Journal of Infection that the 36-year-old man, who was not publicly identified, developed a fever, sore throat, fatigue and headache as a result of the coinfection.
The Journal of Infection report pointed to the continued dominance of Covid-19 and monkeypox in the world by publishing details of man’s co-infection.
According to reports, the Italian spent five days in Spain in June and developed symptoms nine days after returning from his trip.
As for the coronavirus, the patient received two doses of the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and had already contracted the virus in January, but tested positive again on July 2 and began developing a rash on his left arm the same day.
The next day, small painful vesicles surrounding a rash appeared on the patient’s torso, lower limbs, face, and buttocks. The vesicles continued to spread on July 5 and turned into pustules, prompting him to go to the emergency department of the University Hospital of Catania, where he was transferred to the Infectious Diseases Unit.
At the hospital, the patient tested positive for monkeypox after reporting that he had “sexual relations without a condom with men during his stay in Spain”.
As if that were not enough, multiple STI tests also came back positive for HIV, in which the scientists said they “assume the infection was relatively recent.”
“This case highlights how monkeypox and Covid-19 symptoms can overlap, and corroborates how, in the case of co-infection, anamnestic collection and sexual habits are crucial to making the correct diagnosis,” the researchers said.
The man was released from the hospital on July 11 and isolated at home.
The researchers continued: “Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of SARS-CoV-2 and monkeypox virus co-infection, particularly in subjects with a recent history of travel to areas with monkeypox outbreaks.”
There are 632.4 million people living with all three viruses individually.