The industry of building of housing is associated with science Y from his hand comes the Construction 4.0, concept that encompasses the application of manufacturing technologies, data intelligence, artificial intelligence, robotics, virtual reality and solutions that integrate various systems.
Its use begins to expand. This was confirmed to Infobae from the Argentine Chamber of Construction (Camarco).
Based on studies and surveys carried out, there are six axes that define the technological solutions that mark the path of Construction 4.0 for start a project, monitor it and reach its conclusion, trying to avoid risks and errors as much as possible.
Firstly, the use of Unmanned aerial systems (drones)whose main use is linked to the capture of reality, among which four types of activities stand out: topographic survey and survey of existing buildings, monitoring of the progress of civil works (in real time), monitoring of critical points of the work and production of corporate or advertising videos for the promotion of ventures.
In the second place are the smart robots: “Most are applied in the execution of tasks in complementation of human work, automating routines such as lifting masonry, plastering or painting and providing increased capabilities (strength, resistance and precision, as in the case of exoskeletons)”, he commented. Cecilia Cavedo that together with Daniel Galilee are the leaders of the team Transforming and Innovating the Construction Industry (TIIC) of Camarco.
“Most of the intelligent robots are applied in the execution of tasks in complementation of human work, automating routines such as lifting masonry, plastering or painting” (Cavedo)
There is also the mixed realitymade up of technologies based on Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR), solutions oriented to the use of data to generate advanced visualization and simulation alternatives.
Galilea, explained: “Although the solutions of trailer tend to be more relevant in situations where visualization of a project’s construction or non-existing facilities is necessary or advantageous, such as in planning and design, information technology RA It is more suitable for the phases in which a building (or part of it) is built, such as construction and operation, which include tasks that involve the interaction of workers with the built structures”
The fourth axis is Artificial Intelligence (AI), a term that refers to the set of techniques and technologies applied to data analysis. One of its main components is the machine learning of statistical formulas.
The fifth is the Building Information Modeling (BIM)) that refers to the technological and practical solutions that make an integrated management of data in real time, based on the cloud and structured around advanced collaboration procedures.
And finally there is the Digital Construction (in 3D). Potential advantages of these technologies, Cavedo noted, “include faster construction, lower labor costs, increased complexity, accuracy and less waste. They include direct applications in the manufacture of housing, construction components (ducts, panels or structural elements), infrastructure and furniture”.
On what are the main advances to build homes in Argentina, Galilea said that technology produced “a revolution in the art of building with new materials and increasingly sophisticated equipment.” The BIM system, he stressed, “allows to optimize costs and lower the final price of housing.”
I know search centralize all information related to entrepreneurship, in a virtual project that allows it to be studied throughout its life cycle, integrating all the actors involved in the process (architects, engineers, builders, specialists, suppliers, among others)making it possible to anticipate conflicts without interference.
“It is a methodology that is used with increasing frequency in the country not only to build houses but also to build schools, hospitals, airports, for example,” concluded Cavedo.